All courts have to be:
1. Established by law
There is a law that explains how the court functions and which rules and procedures it follows when hearing a case.
The judges only follow the law and are not influenced by anyone else.
The judges cannot be personally interested in the outcome of the case, be prejudiced or biased.
A reliable court system
These three criteria help to ensure that the court system is stable, reliable and transparent.
They make sure that the courts, the judges and the ways judges are appointed or elected but also the court’s budget, powers and competences cannot easily be changed and adapted to someone’s interests. This makes the court system less vulnerable to outside influences, manipulation or corruption.
The state is responsible for a well-functioning court system and has to ensure these criteria are fulfilled. Your right to fair trial will be compromised if the court that hears your case does not correspond those criteria or does not correctly observe them.