If you believe that a person has unlawfully processed your personal data, you can request the initiation of administrative violation or criminal proceedings according to the Law on Administrative Liability or Criminal Procedure Law.

Administrative offence

If a person has unlawfully processed your personal data, you can request the initiation of administrative violation proceedings by submitting an application to the Data State Inspectorate. In your application, you should indicate the kind of unlawful actions the data user has carried out, provide substantial arguments and explain the kind of harm it has caused to you.

The Data State Inspectorate may decide to start administrative violation proceedings and in such a situation will contact you and inform you about your right to be recognized as a victim in the case.

Criminal offence

If video monitoring has been carried out and/or video recordings have been processed unlawfully, and it has caused you substantial harm, this action may reach the level of a criminal offence. Substantial harm comprises not only a breach of your right to control the use of your personal data but also a significant financial loss, which has been thereby caused to you. In such a situation, you can request the initiation of criminal proceedings by submitting an application to an investigating institution or the prosecutor’s office. In your application, you should indicate the kind of unlawful actions the person has carried out, provide substantial arguments and explain the kind of harm it has caused to you.

The investigator or prosecutor may decide to start criminal proceedings and in such a situation will contact you and inform you about your right to be recognized as a victim in the case and to request compensation for the material loss and the moral injury that you have suffered.

Human Rights Guide

A European platform for human rights education