Who?

In Latvia, you or your lawyer can ask the investigative judge, or the court if the trial has started, to re-evaluate whether it is still necessary to continue your detention. In certain cases, the review has to be initiated by the investigative judge or the court itself. The Criminal Procedure Law explains who can initiate and conduct the review of your detention, when and how.

Participation

You have the right to be present at the hearing in front of the investigative judge or the court and to explain your arguments as to why you should be released. Your lawyer must also be allowed to participate and help you at the hearing. If you do not understand and/or speak Latvian, the investigative judge or the court has a duty to arrange a State paid translator during the hearing. The Criminal Procedure Law also outlines when the investigative judge or the court may consider your application in the written process without your presence.

Reasoned decision

The investigative judge or the court has to examine all the facts for and against your continued detention on remand. The judges must be very diligent in doing this. The investigative judge must issue a well-reasoned decision, especially if he or she has decided to continue to keep you on remand. This means that the decision must very clearly explain the grounds on which you will be kept detained and why that is still necessary at this stage of the proceedings. The reasons cannot be superficial, generic or repeat the same reasoning as in the previous detention reviews.

The longer you have been detained, the more thorough and well-founded the reasons for prolonging your detention should be.

If you do not understand Latvian, the court must provide you with a translation of the decision without delay in a language that you understand.

Timely decision

Human rights require that the lawfulness of your detention must be decided speedily. It means that the investigative judge or the court has to consider your application carefully and without unjustified delay. When making a decision on your detention, the investigative judge and the court has to follow the time limits prescribed by the Criminal Procedure Law.

Appeals

Latvian law does not foresee a possibility of appealing this decision. However, you may ask for a repeated review of the lawfulness of your detention at any time.

What human rights violation may there be?

If the review process was not made available to you or did not correspond to the given requirements, it may result in a violation of the right to liberty and security of a person.

Human Rights Guide

A European platform for human rights education