Trial stage

The trial stage starts when the court receives your case and continues until the final judgement of the final court instance is taken.

Appeals for decisions and judgements

All decisions and judgements of lower courts can be appealed before a higher court, unless stated otherwise in the Criminal Procedure Law. It is very important to observe the time limits allowed for the appeals. All decisions and judgements can be appealed within 10 days of the date that you received the decision. The decisions of the court that you receive must contain information explaining the procedure and time limits for their appeal.

Some complaints do not have specific time limits, because you may discover the circumstances about which you are complaining at any moment during the trial. In those cases it is important to complain as soon as possible.

example If you have found out about reasons why a judge in your case may not be objective or impartial, or you think that your trial has been unreasonably delayed, you should raise that issue as soon as possible.

Complaints about the actions of judges

If you want to complain about certain actions (but not decisions) of a judge in your case, you should submit a complaint to the chief justice of the court. 

example If a judge has used derogatory language against you during the proceedings , you should complain about that to the chief justice of the court.

Reasonable length of trial

If you consider that your trial exceeds time limits that are reasonable, you should write an application to the chief justice of that court. Read more about the length of trial.

Human Rights Guide

A European platform for human rights education