If your mental health requires it, you must be given the opportunity to receive regular treatment, including consultations with qualified specialists and medication prescribed by a doctor.
Duty of diligence
The prison staff and prison doctor must pay special attention to ensure that the mental health of people in prison does not worsen. However, if you do not feel well, you should inform the doctor or prison staff.
Treatment with and without consent
Mental health care must be voluntary and based on your informed consent. This means that, as a general rule, you should receive an explanation about why you need certain treatment, what the effects will be and your consent will be required.
However, there are exceptional situations when the state of your mental health may require involuntary placement in a mental health care institution.
What human rights violation may there be?
Prohibition against inhumane or degrading treatment
If you are suffering from impairment to your mental health and you have not received appropriate treatment, this may violate the prohibition against inhumane or degrading treatment. However, the effect that the lack of medical treatment leaves on your physical and mental condition must reach a certain level of severity.
Read more about how to evaluate whether your rights have been violated.
Right to life
If someone’s mental condition has not been adequately noticed and treated and this has led to his/her death, it may be a violation of the right to life. Read more about how to evaluate whether the right to life has been violated.
How to complain
If you believe that your rights have been violated, you should complain to the prison administration. Read more about how to complain.
Points 3, 24
Articles 93, 95, 111
Articles 2, 3
3 April 2001
26 October 2000
10 February 2004
11 July 2006
3 May 2012
11 January 2006
Rules 47.1, 47.2
17 December 2015
Rules 22, 23, 25
8 April 1998
Recommendation No R (98) 7 of the Committee of Ministers