Procedural requirements guarantee that:

  • you are given an opportunity to meaningfully participate in the court process 
  • the court process is effective
  • the court process is open to public scrutiny


The right to a fair trial includes a number of guarantees, which ensure that you are able to understand what is happening in your case and to present your arguments to the court on equal terms with your opponent - the state institution. These guarantees cover the entire process starting from your right to use the language you understand and ending with your rights in appeals procedures.  

The right to a fair trial also implies that the court process is prompt and effective and that the process is open to public scrutiny. This means that the court process and the judgment must be generally accessible to the public. The judgment must contain sufficient reasoning for you and for members of society to understand what was the court’s decision and why the court decided in exactly that way.

Human Rights Guide

A European platform for human rights education