Legitimate purpose

Video monitoring in public places such as streets, public schools, public hospitals, public libraries and other public institutions is allowed only if there is a specific legitimate purpose, such as the prevention of disorder and crime. In certain places where people expect a higher level of privacy, such as in toilets and fitting rooms, video surveillance is not acceptable.

Informed monitoring

Remember that you have to be informed when video monitoring is taking place. It is usually done by using informative symbols and signs, unless there are specific and legitimate reasons not to do so, for example in order to investigate a crime. The responsible authority has to inform you about the purpose and method of the surveillance mechanism, and indicate which institution is processing your data.

What human rights violation may there be?

Surveillance in public places by using technical equipment, which does not record data, does not as such interfere with the right to private life. However, a permanent recording of footage, its storage and other kinds of subsequent use is regarded as the collection and processing of an individual’s private information and an intrusion into your private life. Please bear in mind that only unlawful intrusion will result in the violation of your human right to private life.

Has the video surveillance been conducted lawfully?

To evaluate whether the video surveillance has been conducted lawfully and whether your privacy has been sufficiently respected, see the questions below. If, in your situation, your answer to one of these questions is negative, your privacy may have been violated. In such a case, you have the right to complain. Read more about how to complain.


Last updated 08/06/2019